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哈尔滨市农业科学院是哈尔滨市唯一的一所集“农、科、教”与“产、学、研”于一体的综合性、纯公益性事业单位。

哈尔滨市农业科学院先后整合十家单位,于2002年7月正式组建,是哈尔滨市唯一的一所集“农、科、教”与“产、学、研”于一体的综合性、纯公益性、正局级事业单位,全国五·一劳动奖状获得单位。位于松北区万宝大道5399号,占地173万平方米。现有员工190人,专业技术人员149人,其中:高级职称73人,博硕人才83人,国务院和省政府特贴专家6人,省长特别奖获得者3人,哈尔滨市有突出贡献的中青年专家7人,省、市级领军人才梯队带头人、后备带头人各6人,市级科技特派员38人。有国家农业科学观测标准站4个,国家级基地3个,博士后科研工作站1个,黑龙江省博士后产业基地等省级基地4个,市级中心3个,省、市级领军人才梯队6个。全院由粮食经济作物研究分院、蔬菜花卉研究分院、水产研究分院、农业机械化研究分院、农业教育分院、畜牧研究分院、农村经济研究中心和海南育种中心等八个下设机构和办公室、组织人事处、科研教育处、财务审计处四个内设机构组成。

自建院以来,先后承担国家、省、市级科研项目140余项,取得科研成果150余项,获奖153项,取得花卉国际登录权8个、商标注册证书14个,获得农业部植物新品种权证书3个、非主要农作物品种登记证书13个,取得专利126项,黑龙江省审定(登记)新品种63个,发表SCI文章8篇。其中:“北方现代都市农业示范园建设”项目荣获黑龙江省科学技术一等奖(进步类),是哈尔滨市自建国以来第一个获此殊荣的农业项目,“哈菜豆育种体系及良种繁育的构建”项目荣获黑龙江省省长特别奖,是哈尔滨市农业战线第一个获此殊荣的农业项目,成为哈尔滨市农业发展史上具有里程碑意义的两个亮点。“松浦鲤的培育及生产应用研究”项目荣获农业部科技进步一等奖;“哈菜豆系列品种选育及推广”项目荣获农业部神农中华农业科技奖三等奖。

我院始终秉承“求实、创新、钻研、奉献”的农科精神,紧紧围绕“科研、示范、科普、培训”四大职能创造性地开展各项工作,取得了显著成绩:

科研创新:选育出哈菜豆系列油豆角品种、哈农杂茄系列茄子品种、哈白系列白菜品种、哈甜系列甜瓜品种、哈研系列黄瓜品种、哈栗香系列南瓜品种、系列番茄品种、哈椒系列辣(甜)椒品种、唯美系列矮牵牛花卉品种等蔬菜和花卉品种以及哈粳稻系列水稻品种和哈粘系列粘玉米品种,为丰富哈尔滨市乃至全省的“菜篮子”、“米袋子”做出了突出贡献——选育的“将军油豆”被列为国家十·五重点推广计划和国家重点新产品,是“北菜南运”和“南菜北运”的主栽品种,哈菜豆系列油豆角品种是龙江特色蔬菜的一张靓丽“名片”;选育的哈研1号水果型黄瓜和哈研5号腌渍型黄瓜品质可与国际上同类产品相媲美;选育的哈甜3号三倍体薄皮甜瓜填补了省内三倍体甜瓜育种技术的空白;选育的哈农杂茄1号和哈椒1号、哈椒6号成为黑龙江省的主栽品种;选育的番茄系列品种丰富了地方番茄品种资源;选育的适应一、二积温带的哈粳稻系列品种深受广大农户的喜爱;选育的哈粘系列粘玉米品质明显好于对照品种……这些品种的育成在丰富“菜篮子”、“米袋子”的同时也加速了地方品种的更新换代。除此之外,创造了黑龙江水产养殖技术史上四个“第一”——是建国以来第一次在松花江发现并救治史氏鲟的;是哈尔滨市第一个采用活体取卵技术人工繁殖施氏鲟的;是哈尔滨市自建国以来第一个开展长距离、大规模的鱼类增殖放流活动的;是东北地区首次系统地开展了寒地淡水虾养殖与繁育技术研究并建立了适宜寒地淡水虾的生态养殖技术模式的。研制的水稻高速覆膜插秧联合作业机和配套栽培技术极大地扩大了优质水稻的种植面积;马铃薯播种施肥覆膜全程机械化联合作业机、棚室耕整地联合作业机等农机农艺结合配套机具的成功研制,既提高了机械化耕作水平又减少了农业生产投入。提出的“大力发展都市农业”被写入哈尔滨市“十·五”和“十一·五”发展规划中……

示范推广。每年在院内示范普通玉米、鲜食玉米、水稻、蔬菜、花卉等新品种700-800个,示范水产生态健康养殖技术、水稻前氮后移技术、水稻旱种旱管、旱种水管、玉米秸秆全量还田等技术30-40项。为加速成果落地转化,从2013年起大力推进院外基地建设工作,累计设立基地190多点次,免费为种植户提供品种和技术,示范推广新品种40余个、新技术50余项,示范推广面积累计达33000余亩,实现了我院所有科研领域在九区九县市全覆盖。被命名为“国家现代农业科技示范展示基地”和“黑龙江省现代农业科技集成与创新示范基地”。作为国家引进国外智力示范单位和哈尔滨市寒地现代农业对俄国际合作中心,我院是省、市政府相关部门接待农业领域国际友人的首选之地,接待联合国、俄罗斯、英国、伊朗、巴西、阿根廷、乌兹别克斯坦和博茨瓦纳等国以及台湾地区农业代表团的来访人数超过千人次

科普研学:为了更好地传承黑龙江流域的农耕文化,面向全市九区中小学和学龄前儿童开展远程同步种植、亲子体验、研学实践等活动,科普人数达100余万人次,研学人数达20余万人次,被命名为全国科普教育基地、黑龙江省中小学生研学实践教育基地。

农民培训为了更好地服务“三农”,在全国范围内率先成立“农民科技领头羊俱乐部”,致力于培养懂技术、会经营、善管理的农业人才,累计培训农民科技“领头羊”、新型职业农民和致富带头人超过10000人次。通过采取“请上来”的课堂教学+“走出去”的观摩教学+训后定期回访的方式,建立起为“三农”服务的长效机制。率先在省内与农业高等院校开展“1+1”、“2+1”和“3+1”联合办学,联合培养“学历+技能”型人才15000余人。被评为黑龙江省新型职业农民培育田间学校、黑龙江省农村剩余劳动力培训基地和哈尔滨市巾帼农业科技人才培训基地。同时,我院还是东北林业大学和东北农业大学硕士研究生和本科生教学实践基地,是黑龙江八一农垦大学现代化农机装备研究生培养创新实践示范基地。

新起点、新征程,哈尔滨市农业科学院将以更加昂扬的精神状态、更加扎实的工作作风、更加有力的工作举措,潜心攻关“卡脖子”技术,创新思维、凝心聚力、知难而上,为哈市乡村振兴和农业现代化建设作出更大贡献!




Harbin Academy of Agricultural Sciences

INTRODUCTION

Harbin Academy of Agricultural Sciences (HAAS) has successively integrated ten companies after being formally established in July 2002. It is the only comprehensive, pure public welfare and bureau-level public institution in Harbin that integrates "agriculture, science and education" with "production, learning and research". It won the National May 1st Labor Award. Located at 5399 Wanbao Avenue, Songbei District, it covers an area of 1.73 million square meters. It has 190 staff members, including 149 professional and technical personnel, of which: 73 hold senior titles, 83 hold doctor and master degrees, 6 experts from the State Council and provincial government, 3 provincial governor special award winners, 7 young and middle-aged experts with outstanding contributions in Harbin, 6 provincial, municipal leading talent team leader and reserve leaders respectively, as well as 38 municipal special correspondents of science and technology. There are 4 national agricultural science observation standard stations, 3 state-level bases, 1 post-doctoral research workstation, 4 provincial bases (such as Heilongjiang Postdoctoral Industry Base), 3 municipal centers, and 6 provincial and municipal leading talent teams. HAAS consists of 8 sub-institutions: the grain and economic crops research branch; the vegetables and flowers research branch; the aquaculture research branch; the agricultural mechanization research branch; agricultural education branch; the animal husbandry research branch; the rural economic research center and the breeding center in Hainan province. Additionally there are 4 internal institutions: the department of offices; the organization and personnel department; the science, research and education department and the financial audit department.

Since the establishment of HAAS, it has undertaken more than 140 scientific research projects at the national, provincial and municipal levels, obtained more than 150 scientific research achievements, more than 153 awards, acquired 8 international flower registration rights, and 14 trademark registration certificates. There are 3 rights certificates to new plant varieties of the ministry of agriculture, 13 non- main crop variety registration certificates, 126 obtained patents, 63 new varieties have been approved(registered) in Heilongjiang province, and 8 SCI articles have been published. Among them: "the Construction of Modern Urban Agriculture Demonstration Garden in North Area" project won the first prize (progressed) of Heilongjiang provincial science and technology. It is the first agricultural project to get this honor by Harbin city since the founding of China; The "Harbin Snap Bean Breeding System and Seed-breeding Build" project won the special award from Heilongjiang’s provincial governor, this is the first agricultural project of Harbin Agricultural Front that won this honor. These have become two highlights with milestone significance in the development history of Harbin's agriculture. The project "Cultivation and Application in Production Research of Songpu Carp" won the first prize of Science and Technology Progress Award of Ministry of Agriculture. The project "Harbin Snap Bean Series Variety Breeding and Promotion" won the third prize of Shennong Chinese Agricultural Science and Technology Award of the Ministry of Agriculture.

HAAS adheres to the spirit of "Truth-seeking, Innovation, Study and Dedication", and has creatively carried out various works around the four functions of: "Scientific research, Demonstration, Science popularization and Training", and has made remarkable achievements:

Breeding research innovation: HAAS has bred many series of vegetables and flowers, such as the Harbin snap bean series, Hanong hybrid eggplant variety series, Habai series of Chinese cabbage varieties, Hatian series of melon varieties, Hayan series of cucumber varieties, Halixiang series of pumpkin varieties, tomato series, Hajiao series of hot(sweet) pepper varieties, Weimei flower series of petunias varieties, etc. And HAAS has bred series of Harbin japonica rice varieties with series of sticky corn varieties. These kinds of series have made outstanding contribution for Harbin, even Heilongjiang province's “vegetable basket” and “rice bag”. The bred snap bean "Jiangjun" has been listed as the national key promotion plan of the 10th Five-Year Plan and the national key new product, and also is the main variety of "North to South Vegetable Transport" and "South to North Vegetable Transport". The Harbin snap bean series is a beautiful "name card" of Longjiang characteristic vegetables. The quality of bred varieties Hayan No.1 fruit type cucumber and Hayan No.5 pickled type cucumber can be comparable to similar products in the world. The bred variety Hatian No. 3 triploid thin-skin muskmelon has filled in the blank of triploid muskmelon breeding technology in Heilongjiang province. The bred varieties Hanong hybrid Eggplant No. 1, Hajiao No. 1 and Hajiao No. 6 are the main cultivars in Heilongjiang Province. The bred tomato varieties have enriched the local tomato variety resources. The bred series of Harbin japonica rice varieties which adapted to the primary and secondary accumulative temperate zones were favored by the majority of farmers. The quality of Hanian sticky corn series was obviously better than that of the control variety. These bred varieties not only enrich the "vegetable basket" and "rice bag", but also accelerates the upgrading of local varieties. In addition, HAAS has created four "firsts" in the history of Heilongjiang aquaculture technology. It is the first time to find and secure the sturgeon in Songhua River. It is the first time to artificially propagate the sturgeon by using the technology of egg extraction in vivo in Harbin. It is the first long-distance and large-scale fish proliferation and release activity in Harbin since China was founded. It is the first time that HAAS has carried out the research of freshwater shrimp breeding and proliferation technology systematically, and has established the ecological breeding technology model suitable for freshwater shrimp in Northeast China. It has greatly expanded the high-quality rice planting area by the developed rice transplanting machine with high speed film mulching and suitable cultivation technology. The successful development of the whole process mechanized combined operation machine for potato sowing, fertilization and film mulching and the combined operation machine for shed tillage and land preparation have not only improved the level of mechanized farming but also reduced the agricultural production input. The proposed “develop urban agriculture vigorously” has been written into the tenth "five-year" and eleventh "five-year" development plan of Harbin.

Demonstration and promotion: Every year, 700 to 800 new varieties such as ordinary corn, fresh corn, rice, vegetables and flowers will be demonstrated in HAAS, as well as 30 to 40 technologies such as aquaculture ecological health breeding technology, transferring rice pre-period nitrogen backward to post-period technology, rice seeding and irrigation according to weather, rice seeding according to weather and irrigation by well, and total corn straw returning to the field. To accelerate the achievement transformation, HAAS promotes the building of the outside base work since 2013, has set up more than 190 bases, provides varieties and technologies to farmers for free, has demonstrated more than 40 new varieties, more than 50 new technologies, and accumulates more than 33000 mu total area. HAAS has accomplished complete coverage of all research areas in nine districts and nine counties and cities. HAAS has been named "The National Demonstration Base of Modern Agricultural Science and Technology" and "The Heilongjiang Province Demonstration Base of Integration and Innovation of Modern Agricultural Science and Technology". HAAS is the first choice for provincial and municipal government departments to receive international friends in the field of agriculture, as the national demonstration unit of introducing foreign intelligence and the Harbin-Russia international cooperation center of modern agriculture focusing on cold climate agriculture, and has received more than 1,000 visitors of agricultural delegations from the United Nations, Russia, the United Kingdom, Iran, Brazil, Argentina, Uzbekistan, Botswana and other countries, as well as Taiwan.

Science popularization and studies: In order to better spread the farming culture of Heilongjiang, HAAS has carried out remote synchronization growth, childhood experience, studies and practice activities facing nine districts’ middle and primary school and preschool children. The science-popularized number has reached more than 1million, and the studies number has reached more than 200,000. HAAS was named as “The National Popular Science Education Base”, as well as “The Heilongjiang Province Middle and Primary School Students’ Research and Practice Education Base”.

Farmers training: In order to better serve "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", HAAS took the lead in setting up the "Farmers Science and Technology Leader Club" nationwide, which is committed to training agricultural talents who understand technology and can operate and manage well. It has trained more than 10,000 farmers who are "leaders" in science and technology, who are new professional farmers and are leaders in getting rich. Through the method of "invite up" classroom teaching + "go out" observation teaching + regular return visits after training, establish a long-term mechanism to serve "agriculture, rural areas and farmers". It took the lead in carrying out "1+1", "2+1" and "3+1" joint school educating with agricultural colleges and universities in Heilongjiang province, and jointly trained more than 15,000 "education + skills" talents. HAAS is rated as the Heilongjiang Province New Professional Farmer Cultivation Field School, the Heilongjiang Province Rural Surplus Labor Force Training Base and the Harbin City Female Agricultural Science and Technology Talents Training Base. At the same time, HAAS is also the bachelor and master students teaching practice base of Northeast Forestry University and Northeast Agricultural University, as well as the innovative practice demonstration base of modern agricultural machinery equipment postgraduate training of Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University.

With “new start, new journey”, Harbin Academy of Agricultural Sciences will be more energetic in spirit, more solid in work style and more powerful in work measures, and devotes itself to tackling the "bottleneck" technology, innovating in thinking, condensing in heart and gathering strength, overcoming difficulties, and making greater contributions to the rural revitalization and agricultural modernization construction of Harbin City!


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